What different types of chandeliers are there actually? On our website and in our showroom you will find a lot of chandeliers made of different materials, in all kinds of colors and in a different style. That is why we list the different types. We will tell you more about the history and background, but also about the materials and when such a chandelier would be suitable.
We call a chandelier antique when it is traditionally made. Actually, antiques are from before the electricity period; around 1900 electricity arrived in the big cities. This was first exhibited at the Paris World’s Fair in 1889. When we receive an antique chandelier, it is often subject to extensive restoration. We are happy to take on that challenge. Restoring antique chandeliers is a fun process in which authentic parts are not used. Then make another beautiful chandelier that can last for 100 years. Such a chandelier looks very beautiful in an old-fashioned, classic interior. But it can also look very beautiful in a modern interior.
In our shop we have a few beautiful antique chandeliers. At the moment we are mainly busy with the restoration process and less with the sale. For example, we have great projects running for the buildings of the Hendrick de Keijzer association (Lambert van Meerten in Delft) and the Westerkerk in Amsterdam.
French Empire chandeliers
The French Empire chandelier is a lamp that was widely used between 1820 and 1900, from the time of Emperor Napoleon (early 1800). Characteristic is the pear-shaped model, also known as the pocket model. There are also variations with candles on them, as can be found in the Versailles palace. The oldest lamp we have is from the year 1600 and comes from Northern France. Due to the many crystals and gold / bronze color, the French chandelier fits in all kinds of different interiors.
A good example is the Palace on the Dam. It is the largest collection of Empire furniture outside of France.
The antique French crowns were often fire gilded, meaning that gold powder was dissolved in a mercury bath (called amalgam) and the bronze was dipped in it. The stuff was heated again and the mercury evaporated. In this way the gold remained on the parts it got that beautiful golden color.
In the later French crowns (around 1900) the light comes from within, so the light sources are inside. There used to be candlesticks on the arm that illuminated the crown. When the candle was lit, it reflected on the crystals. This resulted in a different refraction of light, which made the lamp look different. Another difference is the way the crystals are strung. The closer the crystal is strung, the younger the crown. And the wider the crystals are apart, the older the crown is. Fewer strands therefore means that it is an antique crown.
Are you looking for a lamp with crystals? Then a Bohemian chandelier is completely outsourced to you. The term ‘bohemian’ comes from ‘Bohemian’, the region where the lamps come from. This area is located in southern Germany and close to the Czech Republic. Where we have Old Dutch chandeliers with the gold base and the French the original French chandeliers with a lot of bronze, Bohemian chandeliers with a lot of glass and crystals are used. There is not much color, most of the work is done with clear crystal. As a result, a Bohemian chandelier fits into any interior and is not subject to a particular style.
We work a lot with a company from the Czech Republic that used to be part of the state but is now privatized. Thanks to their many years of experience and large collection, we are always assured that they deliver top quality lamps with crystals. You can expect that from us.
When you say Murano, you say Venetian chandelier. These chandeliers are incredibly colorful and available in many models. Venetian chandeliers were originally made in Venice, on the Murano Islands. The glass blowers made beautiful sculptures – from statues to chandeliers. There are now a few companies left that make these glass sculptures and leaves. For Murano, the more opulent the better.
Due to its unusual style, a Venetian chandelier is not for everyone. In terms of color, any color is possible. Venetian chandeliers fit best in a very classic interior or in a very modern house, where it acts as an eye-catcher.
Art deco chandeliers
The art deco chandelier is characterized by sleek shapes and many influences from cubism. These chandeliers date from the period 1900 to 1930. The Empire State building is a good example of a building built in the art deco style. Art deco chandeliers are often white with chrome and matt silver. Due to the sleek design, an art deco chandelier does not fit in a classic interior, but otherwise it does fit in a modern interior.
Old Dutch chandeliers
An Old Dutch chandelier is a real Dutch product that foreigners have taken over. These chandeliers were often used in churches around 1600-1700. Sometimes there is a ring at the bottom and sometimes a sphere, this is subject to the periods. Old Dutch chandeliers have polished bronze as a material, which resulted in a brass color. That is why golden chandeliers are often Old Dutch chandeliers. We make it slightly more modern and also have silver Old Dutch chandeliers in our range.
In terms of lighting, Old Dutch only have candles. There are no Old Dutch chandeliers with light from the inside. A more modern way is to produce electric Old Dutch chandeliers. Then we use electrical sources with LED or halogen.
Characteristic of Old Dutch chandeliers is the large sphere at the bottom of the crown. This has two functions. On the one hand, this keeps the crown in balance, because not all parts are the same size or weight. People used to cast the parts, but because not every arm of the chandelier had the same amount of bronze, the chandelier would be skewed. On the other hand, this sphere provides a reflection of the light in the church. Originally, Old Dutch chandeliers were mainly used in Protestant churches, which are characterized by gloom and darkness. The candles reflect into the church, allowing more light to enter the church.
These chandeliers can have 1, 2 or 3 layers. The size of an Old Dutch chandelier depends on the size of the room. In a low room, a crown with 1 level arms is most appropriate. If there is a high room, a large crown with 2 or 3 tiers will fit better. This is common in churches.
In addition to chandeliers, we also sell outdoor lanterns. We noticed that customers often came to us with the request for matching outdoor lanterns. That is why we also have this in our range. We also sell classic outdoor lighting.
The chandelier industry and market is constantly changing. That is why we also noticed the demand for modern chandeliers. These are, for example, vide lamps. In a next blog we will discuss vide lamps in detail. Modern chandeliers also include lamps with shades. These are nice lamps that we have often used in hotels, hotel lobbies or private homes. These chandeliers look classic but get a modern twist through the shades. The fabric covers are made to measure and the frames are made of nickel (brass which is nickel-plated).
We hope that the different styles are now a bit clearer. Of course images speak more than 1,000 words and that is why we cordially invite you to come and have a cup of coffee in our showroom. Do you already have a certain style in mind? To get an idea of the chandeliers that we have in our range, take a look at the range pages: